Power-to-Hydrogen becomes a reality. HyBalance, one of Europe’s first facilities for the production of hydrogen by PEM water electrolysis on an industrial scale, has achieved a number of important results. Led by Air Liquide, Cummins (through its Hydrogenics Europe business), Centrica Energy Trading, LBST and Hydrogen Valley, the facility in Denmark has delivered 120 tons of hydrogen since 2018. It has demonstrated a high availability, enabling 24/7 delivery of 60 tons of hydrogen to an industrial customer connected through a pipeline. The remaining 60 tons have been delivered for other customers as well as for clean transportation, such as a network of hydrogen stations fuelling a fleet of fuel cell taxis in Copenhagen.
The facility has validated the PEM (Proton Exchange Membrane) electrolysis technology as highly dynamic, able to cope with fast power ramps up and downs. HyBalance is thus certified by the Danish energy authorities as a bidder in all electricity markets. This is a great success as specifically in the primary reserve containment, only a few power installations are able to reach a reaction time below 10 seconds. The plant is now also used to help balance the Danish grid.
While Air Liquide will continue to operate the site and produce hydrogen to supply its customers, the HyBalance project that kickstarted the facility in 2016, has been concluded by October 2020 as planned. The budget for the project has totalled €15 million, including €8 million in funding from the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen 2 Joint Undertaking (FCH JU), and €2.6 million in funding from the Danish EUDP program.